Month: February 2018

What are environmental studies?

Colleges and universities are perhaps the most exciting places to study the environment. Environmental studies are inherently interdisciplinary, and universities provide a place where representatives from numerous disciplines can readily meet, communicate, and conduct joint research projects. Students who hope to pursue environmental studies as a research or career focus do well to enrol in one of the many higher education programs around the world that focus on environmental issues.

A lot of these people are students of environmental studies which essentially focus on studying the relationship between humans and their environment. The course also covers the preservation of the earth and its natural resources, among others.

Earth’s limited capacity – no matter how enormous the earth is, there is still a limit as regards to its capacity to absorb waste and capability to provide for the fast-growing number of persons living in it. Hence, if the population continues to live in its destructive ways, the risk that the earth will reach its irreversible limit may come sooner than expected.

Depletion of renewable resources – although resources such as soil, water, and plants can regenerate, all of these are currently depleting because people are utilizing them beyond their renewal capacity.

Environmental studies are so interdisciplinary due to the sheer scope of the term “environment”. It encompasses numerous processes scattered across diverse landscapes and affecting cycles and processes from deep inside the Earth all the way up to the outer reaches of the atmosphere, and even the solar system. Physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, geography, public policy, and computer science are just a few of the larger disciplines that play a key role in studying environmental studies in higher education locales. And a vast assortment of interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary programs have sprung up in the past few decades to tackle more specific problems in environmental studies.

The sheer variety of courses and programs relevant to environmental studies that are offered at many universities is one incentive to attend an institution of higher education, but the presence of many intellectual leaders in the field is another draw. Most research that involves an examination of environmental issues is conducted in partnership with major universities or is completely undertaken by university faculty with financial support from non-profit and government sources.

Nevertheless, if you decide to be serious in knowing more about how to care and manage the environment and eventually start a career doing this, it is much easier for you to do so in this day and age of modern technology. Taking a course related to this concern is a lot more convenient and possible no matter how busy you are through distance learning. This learning approach allows you to juggle another career or other responsibilities while acquiring basic skills and knowledge on caring for the environment.

Perhaps the essential advantage to studying environmental issues in a higher education setting is found in the availability of high tech equipment that can be utilized to deeply examine one of the many variables, systems, and processes that impact the environment. Field research can take advantage

 

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What is anthropology?

Anthropology is one of many sciences studied today. It is actually considered to be a social science and deals mainly with the origins, social customs and beliefs of the people. However, it has been said that it has its origins in the humanities and science departments. The term “anthropology” comes from Anthropos, a Greek work that means “human”. Like all sciences, it ends with the ology, which means “studying” from the Greek word logia. Basically, anthropology is about the definition of human life and origin.

How did the humans originate? Who are our true ancestors? How did you survive? These are some of the many questions anthropologists face today as they look further into the past. They are dedicated to answering the question of so many who are curious about how people live today.

Anthropology subfields.

There are 4 branches of anthropology. The first is cultural anthropology, which studies different cultures and their ethnography. Ethnography is a method of study or research that may involve the use of a monograph or a book. However, it relies heavily on the observation of the participants.

The second subfield is archeology, where human material culture is examined by artifacts. Archaeologists work closely with anthropologists and are primarily called upon to carry out excavations of historical sites such as ancient cities or ruins. The third branch is linguistic anthropology, which deals with spoken languages, verbal or nonverbal. The researchers know that nobody spoke the same language back then, but somehow they were able to communicate with non-verbal signals.

Each culture that developed and grew had its own specific language, and those who study linguistic anthropology seek to understand the process of this communication and how different cultures interact with one another. The fourth and final sub-area is called physical or biological anthropology. This field deals with the behaviors, concepts, and ideas of different cultures and when they share them. It is especially important to note that all of these fields are related, how humans evolved over time, and what researchers have discovered.

An Anthropologist’s Job

*A physical anthropology researcher may have to work in a lab to test bones and blood samples. However, the study also involves working in various cultural environments that require them to be sensitive towards cultural values of that particular area. For example, if there is a common illness pertaining to a group of locals, to understand the basic cause of this illness, all the physical as well as socio-behavioral factors will be taken into consideration. It may not be enough to find a scientific or medical cause of the disease, there might be some local factors also. These include local diet, local rituals, and beliefs.

*For a social anthropology student, it is very important to understand the basic culture of the particular part of the world. A social anthropologist may have to travel to different parts of the world and require staying there for as long as a year or more to study the various practices followed by the locals. An anthropologist should have an approach to understand how the locals control their behavior and how their behavior governs their lives.

 

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Political Science

What is political science? It is a study which focuses on the practice of government
and politics. It can focus on politics at the state, local, international and
national levels. Politics affect citizenship in different ways. The study of
politics aims at identifying ways in which the politics affect the way of life
of people. There are several subcategories of political science. They involve
the following fields:

Political Theory

It deals with foundations of politics at the community level. It also focuses on politics
in different institutions. You learn on how human nature and the moral purpose affect
political associations. Political writings from ancient civilizations such as ancient
Greek play a role in making people understand the different concepts of political
science. There are several moral philosophers who explain different theorems in
the field of political science. The theory leads to inspiring citizens to focus
and develop citizenship concepts which can affect their daily lives.

Comparative Politics

It is a wide field which compares different types of politics to know the best which suit
different occasions. Students learn on how different communities developed. It
leads to realization of how different politics leads to development of communities.
To know the best political systems, it is necessary to go through the comparisons
of different political set ups. The study makes it possible to come up with the
right studies which can make you achieve great success in your political field.

International Relations

The study leads to understand how nations across the world relate to each other and how international
communities relate to each other. Scholars analyze different interactions
between nations such as world trade, international finance and foreign investments.
It is abroad branch of political science which leads to realization of
different aspects of international corporations. The way governments relate matters
when it comes to the global peace and economy. The subfield touches on those areas
comprehensively.

American Government and Politics

Learns seek to understand how the United States operates. They touch on areas such as the congress;
the US presidency among other aspects of the United States government. The United
States government has several departments; there are different ideas which lead
to the development of the United States. The political science makes it
possible to understand the way the politics in the United States work. Students
find the American political science as an interesting subfield. The United
States is a successful nation which has a strong political model which many
state across the globe try to emulate. Leasers try to go deep so that they can discover
different government departments which make it easy to solve different political
issues.

Political Methodology

It is a subfield where students learn methodology and philosophical bases of political science.
The learners also touch on social sciences as well as empirical and research
design. The field covers different areas of engagement in the study of
political science. There are several universities which offer courses in political
science. If you are looking for a way you can achieve great success in your
study, it is necessary to carry out enough research so that you can know the
best university where you can register and gain the necessary knowledge.

 

 

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What is psychology?

 

What is psychology? It involves studying behavior and the mind. Human beings act in
different ways due to the way their brains work. Psychology tries to relate the
way people behave and their brain. Other aspects of life which influence ones behavior
are also tackled in the study of psychology. Psychologists can treat patients through
application of psychotherapy procedures. Behavioral changes can be used to relieve
pain and other symptoms. There are different psychological studies such as cognitive,
social, forensic as well as development psychology. The different types of
psychology deal with different aspects of life. Some of the branches of
psychology include the following:

 

Clinical
psychology

 

It is a study
which aims to integrate science, practice, and theory to understand and predict
problems. The clinical psychology can be applied to relieve different health
problems through adjustments of behavior.

 

Cognitive
psychology

 

It
investigates mental processes such as memory, problem solving, language and learning.
The study looks on how individuals think, communicate, perceive and remember
things. It is closely related to neuroscience, linguistics and psychology.

 

Developmental
psychology

 

It is a
systematic study of different psychological changes which people experience
over their lifespan. It is also referred to as human development. The study is
carried out on people of all ages. Some of the factors which are taken into consideration
in the study include moral understanding, problem solving, motor skills, acquiring
language, personality, emotions, self-control and identify formation. Under
development psychology you cover fields such as:

 

Evolutionary
psychology

 

It looks
into the ways behaviors in human such as language has been affected through
psychological adjustments in the evolution process. A specialist in
evolutionary psychology believes human traits are adaptive.

 

Forensic
psychology

 

It is the
application of psychology in the criminal investigation process. The psychologist
practices psychology as a science in the criminal justice system to help in the
solving of cases in the civil courts. The expert analyses psychological effects
which can affect a case.

 

Health
psychology

 

It is also referred
to as behavioral medicine. The medical psychology observes the behavior, social
content, biology and other factors which influence health and illness. A
physician can look at the biological cause of the diseases, but the psychologist
will look at the whole life of a person to identify the cause of the health complication.
You will find health psychologists working alongside other health professionals.

 

Neuropsychology

 

The
structure and functions of the brain are analyzed under the study. It aims to relate
the way the bran relates to psychological processes. You will involve a neuropsychologist
if the condition under study involves lesions in the individual brain. The study
can relate the chances of individuals suffering from brain complications such as
stroke.

 

Occupational
psychology

 

The experts
deal with assessing and making recommendations related to the way people perform
in their work or trainings. The study can lead to understanding ways companies
can utilize their work force well for better results.

 

Social
psychology

 

It uses scientific
methods to understand the way social influences can affect behavior. It explains
feelings, thoughts and behavior affect people. The different branches of psychology
available deal with specific areas. They
play a great role in the wellbeing of people as far as mental issues are concerned.

 

 

 

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Sociology

Individuals, societies and cultures are so diverse. It is worthwhile to find out what social forces impact or shape societies and different existences. Studying society is a critical aspect of understanding the entire social world, and this can be overwhelming. In addition, influencing social processes would require that we first understand them. Apparently, sociology can help shed more light into societal forces, further helping us to understand ourselves and our society better. Sociology is also critical in examining how social forces worldwide influence how people think and act, as well as how decision-making impact individuals and society at large. Sociologists collect systematic information to power their decision-making and provide insights into various situations, even offering the available alternatives for further action.

What is sociology?

Just as the name suggests, it is a social science concerned with the scientific research, evaluation and interpretation of group and societal behavior, particularly in regards to culture, interpersonal relationships, and group and social interaction. The term first came into existence in the 1830s, when Auguste Compte, a Frenchman, suggested that an artificial science be created to help bring together every known knowledge or information about human activity. Today, sociology is a very popular and influential social science studied at various levels across academic institutions.

A Broad Concept

Its subject matter is quite diverse, and encompasses anything from crime affecting society and religion shaping beliefs. Other matters of concern embodied in sociology include anything from the family as a basic unit to the entire state or nation. The study of the same is also integral to understanding the divisions in society pertaining to matters of race, socioeconomic status, and shared beliefs about a shared culture. Therefore, to study all of the subjects, which are very diverse as shown, it would be important to unite them under a single subject because they all aim to provide insight into human behavior and consciousness and how they influence and are influenced by social and cultural structures that surround them.

What makes sociology an exciting subject is its ability to analyze and interpret critical matters affecting our personal lives at the community and global levels. At the basic level, which is ideally the individual level, sociology strives to unveil the social causes and effects of issues like gender identity, deviant behavior that affects the rest of the community, racial matters that influence how we view or discriminate those that do not belong to our race, family conflict caused by differing individual interests, and religious faith, including how it influences individual action.

Sociology-trained students are able to think critically and understand the various aspects of human social life. They can also ask critical research questions to help them answer their properly designed social research projects. In addition, they can offer valuable advice to help other members of society to better understand certain aspects of the social world and how they work. They can also give important suggestions on how to help improve social life. Therefore, sociology offers a unique and distinctive way of viewing and comprehending family relationships, societal social behavior and world social interaction, as well as how they shape group and individual lives.

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